There are some specific Medicare coverage guidelines that pertain to Skilled Nursing Facility services. Skilled nursing services are specific skills that are provided by health care employees like physical therapists, nursing staff, pathologists, and physical therapists. Guidelines include doctor ordered care with certified health care employees. Also, they must treat current conditions or any new condition that occurs during your stay at a Skilled Nursing Facility. Below, we’ll go over what you need to know about Medicare coverage for Skilled Nursing Facilities.
Medicare Coverage Requirements for Skilled Nursing Facilities
There are specific requirements that beneficiaries must meet to qualify for Medicare coverage for Skilled Nursing Facilities. The patient must have been an inpatient of a hospital facility for a minimum of three consecutive days. The patient must go to a Skilled Nursing Facility that has a Medicare certification within thirty days of their hospital discharge.
3 Day Hosptial Stay Rule with Medicare Billing for Coverage in Skilled Nursing Facilities
For a beneficiary to extend healthcare services through SNF’s, the patients must undergo the 3-day rule before admission. The 3-day rule ensures that the beneficiary has a medically necessary stay of 3 consecutive days as an inpatient in a hospital facility. This doesn’t include the day of the patient’s discharge, any outpatient observations, or the time spent in the emergency room.
Exceptions to Medicare 3 Day Hosptial Stay Rule
If the patient’s health conditions are not appropriate for placing into a nursing facility directly after leaving the hospital, the hospital will determine when to begin appropriate care. Another exception to this rule is if the patient requires around the clock nursing services.
How Long Medicare Pays for Skilled Nursing Care?
Part A benefits cover 20 days of care in a Skilled Nursing Facility.
After that point, Part A will cover an additional 80 days with the beneficiary’s assistance in paying their coinsurance for every day.
Once the 100-day mark hits, a beneficiary’s Skilled Nursing Facility benefits are “exhausted”.
At this point, the beneficiary will have to assume all costs of care, except for some Part B health services.
What is the Benefit Period for Skilled Nursing Facility with Medicare?
Benefit periods are how Skilled Nursing Facility coverage is measured. These periods begin on the day that the beneficiary is in the healthcare facility on an inpatient basis. This period ends when the beneficiary is no longer an inpatient and hasn’t been one for 60 consecutive days.
A new benefit period may begin once the prior benefit period ends, and the beneficiary receives another admission to a healthcare facility. One keynote to remember is that a new benefit period is not each calendar year or change to the patient’s diagnosis or health condition.
Unique Skilled Nursing Facility Billing Situations
There are instances where Medicare may require a claim, even when payment isn’t a requirement.
Readmission Within 30 Days
When the beneficiary is discharged from a skilled nursing facility, and then readmitted within 30 days, this is considered readmission. Another instance of readmission is if a beneficiary were to be in the care of a Skilled Nursing Facility and then ended up needing new care within 30 days post the first noncoverage day.
If a patient exhausts benefits, the monthly bills continue with normal submission; although, the beneficiary must still be in a Medicare facility. Full exhausted benefits mean that the beneficiary doesn’t have any available days on their claim. Partially exhausted benefits mean that the beneficiary had several available benefit days on their claims.
No Payment Billing
No payment billing happens when a patient moves to a non-SNF care level and is in a Medicare facility.
Expediting Review Results for Beneficiaries
Expediting the determination processes can happen when providers initiate discharge from SNF’s because of coverage reasons. Although, beneficiaries can appeal health service terminations through this process.
Skilled Nursing Facility requirements must be met to obtain benefits.
Billing Situations Among Other Facilities
If a beneficiary needs a Skilled Nursing Facility and goes but doesn’t have a qualifying stay in a hospital facility, they can move to a Skilled Nursing Facility after they remain for the night. They’ll then go the next night and receive coverage.
How to Get Help with Medicare Coverage for Skilled Nursing Facilities
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